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Do you know the difference between a blurry and an out of focus image?
When an image is out of focus, it is caused by your lens and not your exposure. Changing to manual focus and adjusting the lens until it looks completely out of focus will do the trick.
Here comes the science bit, it is referring to the rays of light that are passing through a lens and how they fall upon a plane, importantly, in front of or beyond the point at which they converge. This is what usually creates a sharp image.
A blurry image is caused by your shutter speed not being fast enough for the subject. Either the photographer is creating blur by taking an image at a too slow a shutter speed and not using a tripod or the subject is moving too fast. Either way, it will blur. Using Vibration Reduction (Nikon) or Image Stabilisation (Canon) is one way of counteracting this.
There are some photographers and artists who use the Out of Focus method in their work and we love it.
Here are our top 5:
1. Céline Bodin
Céline has completed an MA from London College of Communication in 2013. Her work looks at themes such as identity and gender and importantly she is looking from a Western Culture perspective. This piece Light of Grace looks at the distorted reality, what your ideals might be including the concept of the beauty archetype. The blurred images call for introspection from the viewer.
2. Hiroshi Sugimoto
In the late 90’s Sugimoto wanted “to trace the beginnings of our age via architecture”. He used an old large format camera and pushed the focal length to twice-infinity. The image is an unfocused blur. What is interesting is that these iconic buildings like the World Trade Center or the Eiffel tower are all recognizable even though they are a complete blur. His two recurring obsessions are history and time. As the Fraenkel gallery states the blurred forms evoke the passage of time, muting the architectural details and leaving the essence of the building; suggestive of the way in which our memories preserve images.
3. John Batho
Batho is a French photographer and he began practicing his art in 1961. He concentrated on colour although at this time black and white was used mostly by photographers. He is a conceptual artist who analyses how colour attracts and disturbs, enhances or not. He is primarily known for his colour work but this black and white series is captivating. It is about presence and absence and was made in 1980.
4. Kyungwoo Chun
Chun can take up to several hours to capture the facial features and more of his models, he likes to think the aura. His attempt is to capture their whole personality. He is aware of his presence in making an image and how it affects his photographs. He believes his portraits can only really work when there is a dialogue between him and his sitter. He too plays with the concept of time and space. He is from Seoul and moved to Germany and brings the influences of both cultures into his work. His images are very poetic.
5. Uta Barth
Barth is an artist questioning the narrative and roles of photography. In an interview, she discusses how she always remembers a teacher talking about the difference between making an engaging photograph of an ordinary thing versus making an ordinary photograph of an engaging thing. She is interested in perception and how we see rather than what we see. Vision, time, stillness and light are all the elements that run through her work. They are spectacular, deep, multilayer, and beautiful images.